Diabetes - (or more correctly, diabetes mellitus) is a chronic disease that affects up to 6% of the population (higher in the older age groups). Insulin is a hormone that helps the body deal with sugar (glucose) in the diet. When diabetes is present, either the body produces less or no insulin (Type 1) or the body tissues are resistant to the effects of diabetes (Type 2). This results in higher levels of glucose in the blood, which can damage a whole range of body tissues and organs. The foot is especially affected by diabetes.
How Can Diabetes Affect my Feet?
Chronically high blood sugar (glucose) levels can be associated with serious complications in people who have diabetes. The feet are especially at risk. Two conditions called diabetic neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease can damage the feet (and other areas of the body) in people who have diabetes.
What Are Diabetic Shoes?
Diabetic shoes are therapeutic shoes with extra depth, specially designed to reduce the risk of skin breakdown in diabetics with co-existing foot disease and must be prescribed by a physician. The shoes must also be equipped with a removable inserts. The diabetic shoes and inserts (or custom-molded inserts) work together as a preventative system to help diabetics avoid foot injuries and improve mobility. In the United States, diabetic shoes can be covered by Medicare.
Can Foot Problems Be Prevented?
Proper foot care can help prevent common foot problems and/or treat them before they cause serious complications. Here are some tips for proper foot care:
- Wash your feet daily with non-irritating soap and warm water,
- Dry your feet completely after bathing, paying special attention to the areas between the toes,
- Avoid applying lotion to the areas between the toes,
- Always wear closed-toed shoes or slippers. Do not wear sandals and do not walk barefoot, even around the house,
- Wear shoes that fit well. Buy/choose shoes made of canvas or leather and break them in slowly. Extra wide shoes are available in Borbas Medical Supply that will allow for more room for the foot for people with foot deformities.
At Borbas Medical Supply, we offer a grand selection of diabetic shoes that are not only functional and comfortable, but stylish, that can help diabetics lead full and active lives without fearing for their feet.
Please call 718•667•9066 to find out more about diabetic/orthopedic shoes, or visit us at 2046 Bath Ave, Brooklyn, NY 11214 to see wide selections of shoes.